Hosea's use of Scripture: An analysis of his hermeneutics
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This dissertation constitutes a study on the use of the Old Testament within the Old Testament. It analyzes Hosea's use of Scripture, arguing that the prophet's hermeneutical approach is fundamentally typological. Prior redemptive-historical events, institutions, persons, promises, and places provide patterns or structures by which the prophet connects the present with the past (i.e., retrospective typology) or the past with the future (i.e., prospective typology). Chapter 1 provides a history of research surveying prior scholarship's approach to and conclusions regarding Hosea's reuse of prior authoritative material. Chapter 2 is comprised of two primary sections. The first half of the chapter interacts with critical issues on the book of Hosea in route to establishing the plausibility of Hosean authorship. This is followed by a survey of recent work on quotation, allusion, inner-biblical exegesis, and intertextuality within OT prophetic literature prior to proposing a method for identifying and analyzing allusion and quotation in Hosea. Chapter 3 applies the method developed in chapter 2 in order to identify and analyze quotation and allusion in Hosea 1-3. The process is inductive and exegetical, handling allusions and quotations in context and in the order in which they occur. Moreover, conclusions regarding Hosea's hermeneutics are adduced throughout. Chapter 4 follows the same approach as chapter 3 in analyzing Hosea 4-11. Chapter 5 follows the same approach as chapters 3 and 4 in analyzing Hosea 12-14. Chapter 6 summarizes and concludes this work.