Syntactical comparison between Classical Hebrew and Classical Arabic based on the translation of Moḥammad `Id's Arabic grammar
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SubjectIbn al-Anbārī, ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Muḥammad,--1119-1181.--Asrār al-ʻArabīyah.
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This dissertation orchestrates a systematic comparison of syntax between Classical Arabic and Classical Hebrew. Chapter 1 introduces the reader to the origin of Arabic language, its history from efflorescence to decline, the different grammatical schools of Arabic, and the resurgence of the traditional Hebrew grammar after Arabic paradigms through what is called "Judaeo-Arabic." Chapter 2 is the translation of Moh[dotbelow]ammad `Id's standard Arabic Grammar with its five sections. The first section introduces the reader to the two main divisions of Arabic grammar: nominal and verbal sentences and their different components. In addition, a variety of nominal-related topics, e.g., the Six Nouns, diptotes and triptotes, duals, sound masculine and feminine plurals, proper names, and pronouns are presented. This is besides other verbal-related topics, e.g., the Five Verbs, and R 3 weak imperfect. The second section is dedicated to the nominal sentence. It focuses on the characteristics of the main components of the nominal sentence, their case-markings, and the transformative verbs and particles that induce changes on these case-markings. The third section focuses on the main components of the verbal sentence: verb, subject, and object. It also discusses the different moods of the Arabic imperfect, and the various types of Arabic objects: direct object, absolute object, accusatives of cause/reason, and the accusatives of accompaniment. The fourth section discusses topics that are generally related to both verbal and nominal sentences, e.g., adjectives, elatives, participles, and exclamation. The fifth section is restricted to only some special grammatical topics: Casus Pendens, numbers, and indirect expressions of numerals. Chapter 3 synchronically focuses on some topics that touch directly on Hebrew grammar and syntax: the verbal sentence, verbless sentence, h[dotbelow]al , emphasis, and negation. Chapter 4 is the conclusion that brings us back to the reason of launching this project---namely, an attempt to revive the old Jewish scholarly tradition.