Jesus' resurrection as the climactic semeion in the Fourth Gospel
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SubjectBible. -- N.T. -- John -- Interpretation, criticism, etc.
Jesus Christ -- Miracles.
Jesus Christ -- Resurrection -- Biblical teaching.
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The purpose of the dissertation is to examine the scope of the pronoun "these" in the purpose statement of the Fourth Gospel (20:30-31). Chapter 1 sets forth the problem, thesis, method, background of this study. This chapter also deals with five different scholarly understandings on the scope to which the pronoun "these" refers. This chapter suggests that Jesus' resurrection is referred to by the pronoun "these" as well as his other miracles, and that Jesus' resurrection among his miracles is the climactic semeion in the Fourth Gospel. Chapter 2 investigates the concept of the term semeion in the Fourth Gospel. For this, the term semeion in the background literature such the Septuagint, Josephus, Philo as well as New Testament books is surveyed. The investigation results in the conclusion that all seventeen occurrences of the term semeion in the Fourth Gospel means a 'miracle,' which functions as authenticating miracle-worker's identity and as justifying his claims. Chapter 3 seeks the function of Jesus' miracles in the Fourth Gospel by examining Jesus' miracle accounts. Jesus' miracles in the Fourth Gospel have function of authenticating Jesus' identity as the Christ and the Son of God by stressing the power of his miracles and by showing the aftermath of Christological faith. Chapter 4 attempts to find the scope to which the pronoun "these" in John 20:31 refers. The pronoun "these," which modifies the word "s emeion" in 20:30, refers to Jesus' resurrection as well as his other miracles. The exegesis of Jesus' resurrection account shows that Jesus' resurrection can be evaluated as the climactic semeion in the Fourth Gospel because Jesus' resurrection results in the climactic revelation of Jesus' divine identity and evokes the climactic Christological faith. The last chapter summarizes the study and suggests several additional studies.