Haldeman Papyrus 1
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P. Haldeman 1 is a Greek papyrus fragment that consists of 17 partial lines of a land lease contract between a woman named Herois (the landowner) and a lessee. As indicated by the mention of a regnal year (4, 14, or 24) of ‘Marcus Aurelius’ in line 15 and by comparisons of the handwriting, the lease likely dates from AD 215/216–234/235. The papyrus probably originates from the Arsinoite nome in Egypt, where many similar land leases have survived (e.g., P.Fam. Tebt. 47; P.Tebt. II 377). In this lease agreement, Herois covers the public dues associated with the execution of the payment (lines 7–8). The tenant agrees to properly maintain the land and return it in a good condition to the landowner at the conclusion of the rental period (lines 1–5, 8–12). The minimally literate lessee signs with his distinct and belabored handwriting in lines 13–14. See David Wyman, "Fragment of a Land Lease," Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists 57 (2020): 61-68.