Haldeman Papyrus 1
Donated by John H. Haldeman in 1981. SBTS Ph.D. student (name withheld) provides the item description: "P. Haldeman 1 is a Greek papyrus fragment that consists of 17 partial lines of a land lease contract (cf. P.Phil. 14; SB 16 12983; P.Fam. Tebt. 47). As indicated by the mention of a regnal year (4, 14, or 24) of 'Marcus Aurelius' in line 15, it dates from one of nine possible years between 163/164-234/235 AD: 163/164, 173/174, 183/184, 195/196, 205/206, 215/216, 220/221, 224/225, 234/235. The papyrus likely originates from the Arsinoite nome in Egypt, where many similar land lease documents have survived. The fragment takes the form of a hypomnema (ὑπόμνημα), i.e. a memorandum of request from the lessees to the landowner. The script is comparable to BGU 1 327 (176 AD), P.Mich. inv. 2789 (203-6 AD), and P. Oxy. 3354 (257 AD). A few features of the papyrus deserve notice. A mention of public dues occurs in lines 7-8. The landowner, probably a woman named 'Herois,' must cover the specified public dues during the period of the rental agreement. Immediately after that comes the return clause that begins with, 'and after the time period' (line 8). The tenants agree to return the land in a particular condition to the landowner at the conclusion of the rental period (lines 8-12). A second, distinct (and messier) handwriting occurs in lines 13-14. Finally, a scribe dates the text according to the regnal year of the current emperor, 'Marcus Aurelius' (line 15)."